THE DEFINITIONS
EUGENICS
The study or belief in the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or of a human population, in particular by discouraging the reproduction of persons with genetic defects or presumed to have hereditary undesirable traits (negative eugenics) or by encouraging reproduction by persons presumed to have desirable hereditary traits (positive eugenics).
Plato
Spartan
400 B.C.
Rome
French
English
Spartan
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At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilised races of man will almost certainly exterminate, and replace, the savage races throughout the world. At the same time the anthropomorphous apes, as professor Schaaffhausen has remarked, will no doubt be exterminated. The break between man and his nearest allies will then be wider, for it will intervene between man in a more civilised state, as we may hope, even than the Caucasian, and some ape as low as a baboon, instead of as now between the negro or Australian [aborigine]and the gorilla.

"Since many human societies sought to protect the disadvantaged and the weak, these societies were at odds with natural selection responsible for the extinction of the weak; and it is only by changing these social policies that society could be saved from a "return to mediocrity"

Francis Galton

Eugenicists have often described their campaigns using garden metaphors; society is like a garden that requires weeding, or a tree that needs
pruning

Type of test preformed
  1. Fill out a Record of Family Traits
  2. Recorded each family member’s social history and medical history
  3. Ascertained their temperament and personality
  4. Took blood and urine samples
  5. Tested their IQ
  6. Measured height, weight, skull, facial symmetry
  7. Looked for spinal defects
  8. Asked about exercise, diet, and daily habits

In 1907, Indiana passed the first eugenics-based compulsory sterilization law in the world.

Those kind of laws were adopted in 30 states by the 1920s

This led to over 60,000 sterilizations of mentally disabled or ill, or individuals that belonged to socially disadvantaged groups living on the margins of society

1933 - Hereditary Health Law

1935 - Nuremberg laws are passed

This started with forced abortions
and then move on to the active elimination of people with genetic defects. This became the justification to target specific groups of people like blacks and Jews.

It sterilized the mentally ill, the blind, the deaf, the deformed, alcoholics, the homeless. Within a year 56,000 people would be sterilized

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At some future period, not very distant as measured by centuries, the civilised races of man will almost certainly exterminate, and replace, the savage races throughout the world. At the same time the anthropomorphous apes, as professor Schaaffhausen has remarked, will no doubt be exterminated. The break between man and his nearest allies will then be wider, for it will intervene between man in a more civilised state, as we may hope, even than the Caucasian, and some ape as low as a baboon, instead of as now between the negro or Australian [aborigine]and the gorilla.

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